Aqueous Black Colloids of Reticular Nanostructured Gold

in: Scientific Reports (2015)
Fritzsche, Wolfgang; Dellith, Jan; Froehlich, Frank; Undisz, Andreas; Deckert, Volker; Krafft, Christoph; Popp, Jürgen; Stanca, Sarmiza Elena
Since ancient times, noble gold has continuously contributed to several aspects of life from medicine to electronics. It perpetually reveals its new features. We report the finding of a unique form of gold, reticular nanostructured gold (RNG), as an aqueous black colloid, for which we present a one-step synthesis. The reticules consist of gold crystals that interconnect to form compact strands. RNG exhibits high conductivity and low reflection, and these features, coupled with the high specific surface area of the material, could prove valuable for applications in electronics and catalysis. Due to high absorption throughout the visible and infrared domain, RNG has the potential to be applied in the construction of sensitive solar cells or as a substrate for Raman spectroscopy.

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