Spectral optical monitoring of nitrate in inland and seawater with miniaturized optical components

in: Water Research (2011)
Kröckel, Lars; Schwotzer, Günter; Lehmann, Hartmut; Wieduwilt, Torsten
Miniaturized spectral analytical systems become ever increasingly important for in situ monitoring of natural waters’ nutrients, such as nitrate, phosphate or ammonium. A miniaturized UV spectral photometer has been developed for online detection using liquid core wave guides (LCW), UV transmitting optical fibers, a low-cost miniature polychromator, and a deuterium light source. The LCWs were manufactured by coating the insides of silica glass capillaries with Teflon AF 1600. Due to this setup our instrument needs only a few microliters of sample for each measurement. Nitrate can be directly detected by UV absorption spectroscopy in a spectral range between 200 and 350 nm. To separate the nitrate absorption from the superposition of other UV absorbing contaminations, a multi component analysis (MCA) software was applied to the measured spectra. With this developed photometer, nitrate levels can be determined online in inland and seawater or, if needed, in situ. It was evaluated twice in the field and the results for the measured amounts of nitrate in reservoir samples and in the North Sea are also presented in this work.

Third party cookies & scripts

This site uses cookies. For optimal performance, smooth social media and promotional use, it is recommended that you agree to third party cookies and scripts. This may involve sharing information about your use of the third-party social media, advertising and analytics website.
For more information, see privacy policy and imprint.
Which cookies & scripts and the associated processing of your personal data do you agree with?

You can change your preferences anytime by visiting privacy policy.