Energy dependent RBS channeling analysis of ZnO layers grown on UnO by magnetron sputtering

in: Crystals (2019)
Wittkämper, Florian; Bikowski, André; Wendler, Elke; Ellmer, Klaus; Gärtner, Konrad
The transparent conducting oxides ZnO and ZnO:Al are interesting materials for a wide range of applications. Several of these applications need a large area, single crystalline, and specially doped thin layers. A common technique for the fabrication of those layers is RF (radio frequency) -magnetron sputtering. The investigation of the crystal quality of such layers requires methods of analysis that are destruction free and that are able to obtain information about the concentration and type of defects versus depth. One such option is the Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) in channelling mode. In this work, we exploit the channelling e_ect and its energy dependence, which are sensitive to the type of defects. By using appropriate software and measuring RBS channelling spectra with di_erent beam energies, we were able to determine the depth distribution of point defects and dislocation loops. The presence of dislocation loops was proven using other previously applied analysis methods. The main advantage of RBS in channelling mode is the quantification of point defects, which can be important for defining the electrical and optical properties of such layers. The technique demonstrated is applicable to other defective crystals or thin crystalline layers.

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