Nanofiber-based high-Q microresonator for cryogenic applications

in: Optics Express (2020)
Hütner, Johanna; Hoinkes, Thomas; Becker, Martin; Rothhardt, Manfred; Rauschenbeutel, Arno; Skoff, Sarah M.
We demonstrate a cryo-compatible, fully fiber-integrated, alignment-free optical microresonator. The compatibility with low temperatures expands its possible applications to the wide field of solid-state quantum optics, where a cryogenic environment is often a requirement. At a temperature of 4.6 K we obtain a quality factor of (9.9±0.7)×106. In conjunction with the small mode volume provided by the nanofiber, this cavity can be either used in the coherent dynamics or the fast cavity regime, where it can provide a Purcell factor of up to 15. Our resonator is therefore suitable for significantly enhancing the coupling between light and a large variety of different quantum emitters and due to its proven performance over a wide temperature range, also lends itself for the implementation of quantum hybrid systems.

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