3D Spacer Fabrics for Thermoelectric Textile Cooling and Energy Generation based on Aluminum doped Zinc Oxide
in: Smart Materials and Structures (2020)
It is demonstrated that spacer fabrics made of polyester can be coated with Al-doped ZnO (AZO) as thermoelectric material and conductive silver as contact material to enable smart textiles. An atomic layer deposition process was used for the AZO coating and the conductive silver paste was manually applied. A thermoelectric generator and cooling based on the Seebeck and Peltier effect can be observed if a temperature difference or direct current is applied, respectively. Both effects were proven to exist and evaluated. The Seebeck coefficient was determined of up to 50 μV•K-1 and a thermoelectric power of about 0.2 μW was generated. Without additional active heat dissipation or cooling, a temperature difference between both spacer fabric surfaces of up to 12 K was achieved. By changing the polarity of the electrical contacts it can significantly be shown that the cold-warm side is changed, as expected for a Peltier element. We observed experimentally the Peltier effect using a single element as well as electrically interconnected sample pairs, the latter could be important for for the cooling application. Additionally, the heat transport through the spacer fabrics was tested and showed that there is no heat equalization between the surfaces via air and filaments at temperatures up to 50 °C. The Peltier effect as a fundamental thermoelectric effect, that enables site-specific and on-demand cooling applications, has not yet been comprehensively investigated using spacer fabrics and AZO as thermoelectric material. These investigations predict that AZO on spacer fabrics hold the special potential to enable flexible and textile solid-state cooling applications.