Characterization of PVL-Positive MRSA Isolates in Northern Bavaria, Germany over an Eight-Year Period

in: Microorganisms (2023)
Szumlanski, Tobias; Neumann, Bernd; Bertram, Ralph; Simbeck, Alexandra; Ziegler, Renate; Monecke, Stefan; Ehricht, Ralf; Schneider-Brachert, Wulf; Steinmann, Jörg
Purpose: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (CAMRSA) are spread worldwide and often cause recurring and persistent infections in humans. CAMRSA strains frequently carry Panton–Valentine leukocidin (PVL) as a distinctive virulence factor. This study investigates the molecular epidemiology, antibiotic resistance and clinical characteristics of PVL-positive MRSA strains in Northern Bavaria, Germany, isolated over an eight-year period. Methods: Strains were identified by MALDI-TOF MS and antibiotic susceptibility was tested by automated microdilution (VITEK 2) or disk diffusion. PVL-encoding genes and mecA were detected by PCR. MRSA clonal complexes (CC) and lineages were assigned by genotyping via DNA microarray and spa-typing. Results: In total, 131 PVL-positive MRSA were collected from five hospital sites between 2009 and 2016. Predominant lineages were CC8-MRSA-[IV+ACME], USA300 (27/131; 20.6%); CC30-MRSA-IV, Southwest Pacific Clone (26/131; 19.8%) and CC80-MRSA-IV (25/131; 19.1%). Other CCs were detected less frequently. Resistance against erythromycin and clindamycin was prevalent, whereas all strains were sensitive towards vancomycin and linezolid. In total, 100 cases (76.3%) were causally linked to an infection. The majority (102/131; 77.9%) of isolates were detected in skin swabs or swabs from surgical sites. Conclusions: During the sample period we found an increase in the PVL-positive MRSA lineages CC30 and CC1. Compared to less-abundant lineages CC1 or CC22, the predominant lineages CC8, CC30 and CC80 harbored a broader resistance spectrum. Furthermore, these lineages are probably associated with a travel and migration background. In the spatio-temporal setting we investigated, these were arguably drivers of diversification and change in the landscape of PVL-positive MRSA.

Third party cookies & scripts

This site uses cookies. For optimal performance, smooth social media and promotional use, it is recommended that you agree to third party cookies and scripts. This may involve sharing information about your use of the third-party social media, advertising and analytics website.
For more information, see privacy policy and imprint.
Which cookies & scripts and the associated processing of your personal data do you agree with?

You can change your preferences anytime by visiting privacy policy.