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Inversion of geo-magnetic SQUID gradiometer prospection data using polyhedral model interpretation of elongated anomalies

Schneider, Michael; Linzen, Sven Peter; Schiffler, Markus; Pohl, Ernst; Ahrens, Birte; Dunkel, Stefan; Stolz, Ronny; Bemmann, Jan; Meyer, Hans-Georg; Baumgarten, Daniel
in: IEEE Transaction on Magnetics (2014) 6000704-1

The current work bases on data sets acquired by a fast and efficient ground-based measurement system which is based on SQUID (Superconducting QUantum Interference Device) technology and ensures geo-magnetic mapping of large areas. The local variations (gradients) of the Earth’s magnetic field are represented in so-called magnetograms which typically include a large number of magnetic anomalies with different appearance and shape. Here, elongated anomalies are investigated, which are explainable by a polyhedral source body. These underground structures can be represented by a cross-section which is approximately uniform along the main strike extent of the source. After introducing the measurement system a source description model is developed theoretically and in the following adapted to practical problems. Finally, in order to illustrate the utility of this kind of minimization-based inversion and to validate the produced results, an example of archaeological measurements in Mongolia is shown. Results of the field measurements are used for inversion towards a description of possible subsoil situation. Finally an excavation shows the accuracy of the results.

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