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Lateral heterostructures of two-dimensional materials by electron-beam induced stitching

Winter, Andreas; George, Antony; Neumann, Christof; Tang, Zian; Mohn, Michael; Biskupek, Johannes; Masurkar, Nirul; Arava, Leela Mohanan Reddy; Weimann, Thomas; Hübner, Uwe; Kaiser, Ute; Turchanin, Andrey
in: Carbon (2018) 106

We present a novel methodology to synthesize two-dimensional(2D) lateral hetero structures of graphene and MoS2 sheets with molecular carbon nano membranes (CNMs), which is based on electron beam induced stitching. Monolayers of graphene and MoS2 were grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on copper and SiO2 substrates, respectively, transferred onto gold/mica substrates and patterned by electron beam lithography or photolithography. Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of aromatic thiols were grown on the gold film in the areas where the 2D materials were not present. An irradiation with a low energy electron beam was employed to convert the SAMs into CNMs and simultaneously stitching the CNM edges to the edges of graphene and MoS2, therewith forming a heterogeneous but continuous film composed of two different materials. The formed lateral hetero structures possess a high mechanical stability, enabling their transfer from the gold substrate onto target substrates and even the preparation as freestanding sheets. We characterized the individual steps of this synthesis and the structure of the final hetero structures by complementary analytical techniques including optical microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), helium ion microscopy (HIM),X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and find that they possess atomically sharp boundaries.

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