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Biofunctionalization of zinc oxide nanowires for DNA sensory applications

Niepelt, Raphael; Schröder, Ulrich-Christian; Sommerfeld, Jana; Slowik, Irma; Rudolph, Bettina; Möller, Robert; Seise, Barbara; Csáki, Andrea; Fritzsche, Wolfgang; Ronning, Carsten
in: Nanoscale Research Letters (2011) 511

We report on the biofunctionalization of zinc oxide nanowires for the attachment of DNA target molecules on the nanowire surface. With the organosilane GOPS (Glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane) acting as a bifunctional linker, amino-modified capture molecule oligonucleotides have been immobilized on the nanowire surface. The dye-marked DNA molecules were detected via fluorescence microscopy and our results reveal a successful attachment of DNA capture molecules onto the nanowire surface. The electrical field effect induced by the negatively charged attached DNA molecules should be able to control the electrical properties of the nanowires and gives way to a ZnO nanowire based biosensing device.

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