Simulating a reference medium for determining bacterial growth in hospital wastewater for Raman spectroscopic investigation

in: Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy (2024)
Wichmann, Christina; Dengler, Jennifer; Hoffmann, Marc; Rösch, Petra; Popp, Jürgen
Wastewater is a very complex and diverse medium, which despite low nutrient density still harbors bacteria. Especially the wastewater from hospitals contains a high germ load. However, wastewater is also very variable and differs not only from day to day, but also from house to house. Since wastewater is always changing and medium has an impact on Raman spectra of bacteria, it is necessary to find a surrogate material in which bacteria can be cultured to mimic a real hospital wastewater sample. In this study, we investigate two different artificial wastewaters for their abilities as a good alternative to real wastewater from the Jena University Hospital and to serve as a reference material for bacterial cultivation with subsequent Raman measurement. Each of the artificial wastewater on its own was not suitable to be used as a reference medium. Only the combination of the two simulated wastewaters achieved satisfactory results in the Raman spectroscopic identification of bacteria from real wastewater. These results could be used later in new experiments as a reference dataset to identify bacteria from real hospital wastewater samples.

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