in: Materials Chemistry and Physics (2019) 83
Nanosize CoFe2O4 particles were synthesized via thermal decomposition of a mixed oxalate precursor; a mean ferrite particle size of 5 nm to 35 nm is tailored through variations of the decomposition temperature. Ferrite particles of 22 nm and 14 nm size were subsequently heated in Ar/5%H2 atmosphere at 315°C for various holding times. The resulting nanocomposites consist of spinel ferrite, CoO and CoFe2, with the alloy concentration increasing with dwell time. Room temperature hysteresis loops exhibit a single-phase reversal behavior and remanence enhancement. An increase of the maximum energy product was observed as well. Hysteresis loops at 5 K, however, show two-phase behavior indicating to no exchange coupling is active.