The amount of fresh water on earth is limited. Ensuring freshwater quality is important for drinking water supply, food production and use as recreational water. Water quality can be seriously affected by infectious agents, toxic chemicals and radiological hazards. Among the microbial infectious agents, the contamination of water bodies by faeces is important in many regions and can cause risks to human health. Faecal contamination can spread dangerous pathogens, which should be monitored and their origin determined. Pathogenic bacteria and viruses are often associated with animal faeces. To assess water quality and the risk potential of pathogenic bacteria and viruses, general contamination studies are used as indicators of faecal contamination and water quality.
Tests for specific pathogens are normally not performed in routine screening because the available culture methods are lengthy (up to one week) and expensive. In addition, waterborne pathogens such as Pseudomonas, Aeromonas and part of Vibrionaceae may occur without faecal contamination. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a rapid, cost-effective and specific diagnostic technology for the identification of multiple pathogens in water.
This problem is targeted in the NanoWater project. The aim of the project is the development of the plasmonic nanoarray chip technology for the monitoring of microbial water quality. As proof-of-principle a detection of water-borne pathogens (Vibrio vulnificus as model) and faecal coliforms as markers for total bacterial dose for fast and sensitive monitoring of the microbial quality of water beyond routine microbial cultivation monitoring will be developed. The know-how in microbiology and bioinformatics of the Israeli Biotechnology Group (Dept. of Food Engineering & Biotechnology) will be combined with the technology of the plasmonic nanoarray chip of the Nanobiophotonics Group of the Leibniz-IPHT, which will be strengthened by an innovative approach of the Israeli Engineering Group for an electric field-based concentration of the target molecules (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering), thus allowing the development of a new microbiology monitoring system for water.
The NanoWater project is funded within the framework of the programme German-Israeli Water Technology Cooperation in the funding area: Sustainable Water Management (funding code 02WIL1521).