A polyyne toxin produced by an antagonistic bacterium blinds and lyses a green microalga

in: BioRxiv (2021)
Hotter, Vivien; Zopf, David; Kim, Hak Joong; Silge, Anja; Schmitt, Michael; Aiyar, Prasad; Fleck, Johanna; Matthäus, Christian; Hniopek, Julian; Yan, Qing; Loper, Joyce; Sasso, Severin; Hertweck, Christian; Popp, Jürgen; Mittag, Maria
Microalgae are key contributors to global carbon fixation and the basis of many food webs. In nature, their growth is often supported or suppressed by other microorganisms. The bacterium Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 arrests the growth of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, deflagellates the alga by the cyclic lipopeptide orfamide A, and alters its morphology. Using a combination of Raman microspectroscopy, genome mining and mutational analysis, we discovered a novel polyyne toxin we name protegencin that is secreted by P. protegens and penetrates algal cells to destroy their primitive visual system, the eyespot. Together with secreted orfamide A, protegencin prevents the phototactic behavior of C. reinhardtii needed to perform optimal photosynthesis. A protegencin-deficient biosynthetic mutant of P. protegens does not affect growth or eyespot carotenoids of C. reinhardtii. Thus, protegencin acts in a direct and destructive way, and reveals at least a two-pronged molecular strategy used by algicidal bacteria.

Third party cookies & scripts

This site uses cookies. For optimal performance, smooth social media and promotional use, it is recommended that you agree to third party cookies and scripts. This may involve sharing information about your use of the third-party social media, advertising and analytics website.
For more information, see privacy policy and imprint.
Which cookies & scripts and the associated processing of your personal data do you agree with?

You can change your preferences anytime by visiting privacy policy.