Automated and fast identification of resistant E. coli against the lead drugs of the 3MRGN group using specific Raman marker bands
in: Journal of Biophotonics (2020)
A Raman-based, strain-independent, semi-automated method is presented which allows the rapid (< 3hours) determination of antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial pathogens isolated from clinical samples. Applying a priori knowledge about the mode of action of the respective antibiotic, we identified characteristic Raman marker bands in the spectrum and calculated batch-wise weighted sum scores from standardized Raman intensity differences between spectra of antibiotic exposed and non-exposed samples of the same strains. The lead substances for three relevant antibiotic classes (fluoroquinolone ciprofloxacin, 3rd generation cephalosporin cefotaxime, ureidopenicillin piperacillin) against multidrug resistant Gramnegative bacteria (MRGN) revealed a high sensitivity and specificity for the susceptibility testing of two Escherichia coli laboratory strains and 12 clinical isolates. The method benefits from the parallel incubation of control and treated samples, which reduces the variance due to alterations in cultivation conditions and the standardization of differences between batches leading to long-term comparability of Raman measurements.