Impact of P3HT materials properties and layer architecture on OPV device stability

in: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells (2019)
Meitzner, Rico; Faber, Tobias; Alam, Shahidul; Amand, Aman; Rösch, Roland; Büttner, Mathias; Herrmann-Westendorf, Felix; Presselt, Martin; Ciammaruchi, Laura; Visoly-Fisher, Iris; Veenstra, Sjoerd; Diaz de Zerio, Amaia; Xu, Xiaofeng; Wang, Ergang; Müller, Christian; Troshin, Pavel; Hager, Martin D.; Köhn, Sandra; Dusza, Michal; Krassas, Miron; Züfle, Simon; Kymakis, E.; Katz, Eugene A.; Berson, Solenn; Granek, Filip; Manceau, Matthieu; Brunetti, Francesca; Polino, Giuseppina; Schubert, Ulrich S.; Lira-Cantu, Monica; Hoppe, Harald
We report a cooperative study conducted between different laboratories to investigate organic solar cell degradation with respect to P3HT material properties and different solar cell architectures. Various batches of P3HT were collected from different suppliers reflecting commercial availability as well as properties variability. Among the materials properties explicitly considered were the molar mass, dispersity, regio-regularity, impurities by trace metals and intrinsic doping evaluated from radical concentrations. Each of the participating laboratories contributing test devices applied their own layer stack, i.e. their own device architecture and layout. This variation was appreciated as another parameter for evaluation. Even though a large amount of devices failed due to extrinsic degradation effects, indeed, some materials properties were found to be more important than others for obtaining long lifetimes and high stability of P3HT-based polymer solar cells.

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