Roughness of silicon nanowire sidewalls and room temperature photoluminescence

in: Physical Review B (2010)
Sivakov, Vladimir; Voigt, Felix; Berger, Andreas; Bauer, Gottfried; Christiansen, Silke
Strong room temperature visible (red-orange) photoluminescence (PL) has been observed in silicon nanowires (SiNWs) that were realized by wet chemical etching of heavily (arsenic, As: 1020 cm−3) and lowly doped (boron, B: 1015 cm−3) single crystalline silicon (Si) wafers. Optical characterization of these SiNWs by PL combined with structural characterization by transmission and scanning electron microscopy strongly suggest that the visible PL at room temperature results from the rough SiNW sidewall structure that is composed of nanoscale features in which quantum confinement effects may occur.

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