Fabry-Pérot Cavity Based on Hollow-Core Ring Photonic Crystal Fiber for Pressure Sensing

in: IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (2012)
Ferreira, Marta F.S.; Bierlich, Jörg; Schuster, Kay; Kobelke, Jens; Lehmann, Hartmut; Santos, José Louis; Frazão, Orlando
An interferometric Fabry-Pérot cavity based on hollow-core ring photonic crystal fiber (HCR-PCF) for pressure sensing is proposed. The sensing head is formed by splicing a small section of HCR-PCF to standard single mode fiber. The spectral response depends on the cavity length due to the geometry of the HCR-PCF. The sensing head is subjected to methane pressure variations, where it exhibits a sensitivity of 0.82 nm/MPa. Its response to nitrogen pressure variation is also studied. Besides, the sensing head intrinsic sensitivity to the nitrogen refractive index variations inside the hollow-core was estimated. Finally, temperature measurement is performed and a sensitivity of 3.77 pm/ºC is obtained for temperatures below 200 ºC.

DOI: Array

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