Plasmonic nanosensor array for multiplexed DNA-based pathogen detection
in: ACS Sensors (2019)
In this research we introduce a plasmonic nanoparticle based optical biosensor for monitoring of molecular binding events. The sensor utilizes spotted gold nanoparticle arrays as sensing platform. The nanoparticle spots are functionalized with capture DNA sequences complementary to the analyte (target) DNA. Upon incubation with the target sequence, it will bind on the respectively complementary functionalized particle spot. This binding changes the local refractive index, which is detected spectroscopically as the resulting changes of the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) peak wavelength. In order to increase the signal, a small gold nanoparticle label is introduced. The binding can be reversed using chemical means (10 mM HCl). It is demonstrated that a multiplexed detection and identification of several fungal pathogen DNA sequences in one assay is possible by this approach.