Raman Spectroscopic Differentiation of Streptococcus pneumoniae From Other Streptococci Using Laboratory Strains and Clinical Isolates

in: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology (2022)
Dahms, Marcel; Eiserloh, Simone; Rödel, Jürgen; Makarewicz, Oliwia; Bocklitz, Thomas W.; Popp, Jürgen; Neugebauer, Ute
Streptococcus pneumoniae, commonly referred to as pneumococci, can cause severe and invasive infections, which are major causes of communicable disease morbidity and mortality in Europe and globally. The differentiation of S. pneumoniae from other Streptococcus species, especially from other oral streptococci, has proved to be particularly difficult and tedious. In this work, we evaluate if Raman spectroscopy holds potential for a reliable differentiation of S. pneumoniae from other streptococci. Raman spectra of eight different S. pneumoniae strains and four other Streptococcus species (S. sanguinis, S. thermophilus, S. dysgalactiae, S. pyogenes) were recorded and their spectral features analyzed. Together with Raman spectra of 59 Streptococcus patient isolates, they were used to train and optimize binary classification models (PLS-DA). The effect of normalization on the model accuracy was compared, as one example for optimization potential for future modelling. Optimized models were used to identify S. pneumoniae from other streptococci in an independent, previously unknown data set of 28 patient isolates. For this small data set balanced accuracy of around 70% could be achieved. Improvement of the classification rate is expected with optimized model parameters and algorithms as well as with a larger spectral data base for training.

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