Cost-Effective and Robust Multispectral LED Device for the Readout of Plasmonic Microarray Sensors
in: Advanced Photonics Research (2023)
Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) is a phenomenon known for more than 100 years, which arises from the interaction of light with metallic nanoparticles. In recent years, the field of LSPR sensing has become increasingly important in bioanalytics. Herein, a simple and robust device setup to perform time-resolved LSPR measurements with inexpensive array sensor chips is presented. For this purpose, gold nanoparticles are spotted onto glass substrates under different conditions (droplet size/number, temperature, and humidity) to achieve an optimal signal-to-noise ratio. To verify the setup and the spotted sensor chips, bulk sensitivity measurements with solutions of varying refractive index and surface sensitivity measurements with layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition are performed. It is shown that slower drying minimizes the edge effects of ringlike deposits (coffee ring effect) and that the spots with higher particle densities are more suitable for sensor applications. In general, the use of six light-emitting diode (LEDs) enables a simple centroid calculation as well as an evaluation via individual LED intensities. The presented cost-effective system allows parallel reading of more than 100 spots in a label-free platform, and together with the optimized low-cost sensors, it provides an interesting alternative for the development of future on-site diagnostics.