Simple ciprofloxacin resistance test and determination of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) within two hours using Raman spectroscopy

in: Analytical Chemistry (2018)
Kirchhoff, Johanna; Glaser, Uwe; Popp, Jürgen; Neugebauer, Ute; Pletz, Mathias W.; Bohnert, Jürgen A.
Resistant bacteria are spreading worldwide, which makes fast antibiotic susceptibility testing and determination of the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) urgently necessary to select appropriate antibiotic therapy in time and by this improve patient’s outcome, and at the same time avoiding inappropriate treatment as well as the unnecessary use of broad spectrum antibiotics which would foster further spread of resistant bacteria. Here, a simple and fast Raman spectroscopy-based procedure is introduced to identify antimicrobial susceptibilities and determine the MIC within only two hours total analysis marking a huge time saving compared to established phenotypic methods nowadays used in diagnostics. Sample preparation is fast and easy as well as comparable to currently established test. The use of a dielectrophoresis chip allows automated collection of the bacteria in a micron-sized region for high-quality Raman measurement directly from bacterial suspensions. The new Raman spectroscopic MIC test was validated with 13 clinical E. coli isolates that show abroad range of ciprofloxacin resistance levels and were collected from patients with blood-stream infection. Micro-Raman spectroscopy was able to detect ciprofloxacin-induced changes in E. coli after only 90 minutes interaction time. Principal component analysis as well as a simple computed ratio of the Raman marker bands at1458 cm-1 and 1485 cm-1 show a clear concentration-dependent effect. The MIC values determined with the new Raman method are in good agreement with MICs obtained by reference methods (broth microdilution, VitekR-2,E-test) and can be used to provide a classification as sensitive, intermediate or resistant using the clinical breakpoints provided by EUCAST.

Cookies & Skripte von Drittanbietern

Diese Website verwendet Cookies. Für eine optimale Performance, eine reibungslose Verwendung sozialer Medien und aus Werbezwecken empfiehlt es sich, der Verwendung von Cookies & Skripten durch Drittanbieter zuzustimmen. Dafür werden möglicherweise Informationen zu Ihrer Verwendung der Website von Drittanbietern für soziale Medien, Werbung und Analysen weitergegeben.
Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Datenschutz und im Impressum.
Welchen Cookies & Skripten und der damit verbundenen Verarbeitung Ihrer persönlichen Daten stimmen Sie zu?

Sie können Ihre Einstellungen jederzeit unter Datenschutz ändern.